elephant ear plant

It likes to be in a climate similar to its native Southeast Asia: a temperature between 65 and 75 F and above-average humidity is ideal. The plant's leaves and stems contain oxalic acid, which can cause serious illness in children or pets. Florida Hill Nursery is your online tropical internet source for Elephant ear plants. Plant your Elephant Ear tubers 5 in. The plants can grow eight feet tall in the tropics but only about two to three feet elsewhere, depending on growing conditions. Elephant ear plants grow from a swollen stem similar to a bulb but known as a corm. How an Elephant Ear Plant will Respond: Zones 1-7: Winters may be too cold for an outdoor elephant ear plant. Planting distance varies with the size of your Elephant Ear plants. 'Illustris' has black leaves with green edging and veining. While they are in storage for the winter, make sure the corms neither rot nor totally dry out. Elephant's ears offer some of the boldest foliage you could ever want in a garden. Elephant ears are tropical foliage plants with large dark green leaves. apart (45-60 cm), tall Elephant Ear … They are not native to Florida but have become naturalized in some wetland areas in the southern half of the state and are widespread. “Elephant ears” is the common name for a group of tropical perennial plants grown for their large, heart-shaped leaves. Before planting, improve the soil with compost or topsoil to add nutrients and improve the soil's water-holding capacity. The tubers can be placed directly outdoors once the threat of frost or freezing temperatures have ceased in your area. Where elephant ears remain in the ground over winter, they will be quite late to re-emerge in late spring or early summer, unless covered with 3-6" of mulch in early fall. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. In cold climates, the plants are treated as annuals, providing an infusion of tropical landscaping, albeit short-lived. Elephant ear may refer to: . Elephant ear plants are named after their super-sized heart-shaped (or elephant ear-shaped) leaves. Freezing temperatures kill foliage and damage tubers. To grow these stunning plants, plant the bulbs in the early spring with the right soil conditions. The elephant's ear is a hybrid that has become a fairly popular ornamental house plant, and is one of the easiest to find and buy from the Alocasia genus. Also, the sap can be a skin irritant. In fact, these plants are commonly grown for their large, tropical-looking foliage, which is reminiscent of elephant ears. Although not absolutely necessary, you may also want to apply a slow-release fertilizer to the soil periodically. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. 'Maui Gold' has golden-chartreuse leaves. Be aware that all parts of elephant ear plants can upset the stomach if ingested without being properly cooked first. If you’re after a good indoors house plant, check out the Alocasia species. Their most common use, however, is as an accent or focal point. The spot should offer shelter from the wind, which could rip the plant's enormous leaves in a strong gust. Plant elephant ears in rich, well drained soil. A number of cultivars of elephant ears have made a name for themselves by virtue of the striking colors of their foliage. Therefore, in areas with harsh, cold winters (like those in northernmost regions), the plants must be dug up and stored indoors. With their huge shield-shaped leaves, they create a nice contrast with another favorite used around water gardens, the horsetail, which pushes up multiple green spear-like shoots from its base. See more ideas about elephant ear plant, elephant ears, plants. Planting elephant ear bulbs indoors approximately eight weeks prior to the last frost date is also acceptable. Plants can grow two to six feet tall and four feet … Plant taxonomy classifies the most widely known elephant ear plants, or "taro," as Colocasia esculenta.But plants of the Alocasia genus and of the Xanthosoma genus can go by the same common name as well. Container plants can either be moved indoors or overwintered in a basement or protected porch. ), which grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11 with some variation within species, depends on your climate.In frost-free tropical and sub-tropical areas, these lush foliage plants grow year-round with minimal winter care. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Elephant ear tubers can be very slow to sprout. Plant taxonomy classifies the most widely known elephant ear plants, or "taro," as Colocasia esculenta. Alocasia, genus of broad-leaved perennials in tropical & subtropical Asia to Eastern Australia; Caladium, ornamental plants with arrowhead-shaped leaves originally from South America; Colocasia (taro), a genus of flowering plants native to tropical Polynesia and southeastern Asia $8.99 $ 8. Growing elephant ear plants is easy. Well, you are at the right place to know the answer. Most of these herbaceous species in the arum or aroid family (Araceae) that are offered as ornamentals belong to the genera Colocasia, Alocasia, and Xanthosoma, although there are others that have similar appearance and growth habits. A number of cultivars also exist, including types with dark leaves (for example, C. esculenta 'Black Magic'), placing them among the so-called "black plants." Allow the tubers to dry out for about a day or two and then store them in peat moss or shavings. Many are even well adapted to growing in containers. Keep reading to learn more about how to take care of an elephant ear plant. 99. Elephant Ear Plant Types. They thrive well in temperature between 15-25 C (60-80 F). Elephant ear plants are a fun and dramatic feature to add to your garden, but just because these beautiful plants are not cold hardy does not mean you can’t keep elephant ear bulbs from year to year. Elephant ear is just one example of a plant valued for the display put on by its leaves. Please look around and make yourself at home. The care and effort it takes to overwinter elephant ears (Colocasia spp. Elephant ear plants can be used as background plants, ground covers, or edging, especially around ponds or along walkways or patio enclosures. While these leaves can reach three feet long and two feet wide in the tropics, in colder climates they will remain smaller (but still impressive). We have assembled a wide variety of Elephant ear plants, Xanthosomas, Caladiums, Alocasias, and Colocasias from around the world for you to choose from. Jul 19, 2014 - Explore * Black/ Panameña Sista *'s board "Elephant Ear Plant", followed by 1250 people on Pinterest. The plant reproduces mostly by means of rhizomes (tubers, corms), but it also produces "clusters of two to five fragrant inflorescences in the leaf axils". FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Elephant ear plant loves to remain hydrated all the time, but overwatering can be harmful. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Different shades of green and yellow appear through the leaves when sun light hits the leaves which is an attractive sight. ; Select a location in full sun or part sun with a good, rich, moist, organic soil. In fact, elephant ears are an important food source in warm climates around the world. Mammoth elephant ear plants grow best in USDA plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, where the average annual minimum temperature is at least 20 degrees F. Outside of these zones, the mammoth elephant ear plant can be grown as an annual. Plant bulbs with the crown just above the soil line Rich, organic soil will help your elephant ears grow. Some of them are small, and some grow to be gigantic elephant ear plants if they’re given optimal growing conditions. Zones 8-9: The elephant ear will likely die back each winter, but the tuber … The average plant height is 2 to 10 feet with a spread of 1 to 10 feet. Take advantage of their large attractive foliage and grow them among your other plants to provide texture in a planting bed. Harden off elephant ear plants for about a week prior to placing them outdoors. Replant them in spring when the danger of frost has passed.  'Yellow Splash' has variegated leaves of yellow and green (similar to theÂ. Taxonomy and Botany . Temperature. There are a number of uses for elephant ears in the garden. In climates with frost, an elephant ear plant dies back each year. Elephant Ear Size. Cut the foliage back to about a couple of inches after the first frost in your area and then carefully dig up the plants. Several genera in the family Araceae (Arums) . The soil for elephant ear should be moist, rich in organic matter, with 5.5-7.0 pH. You can save money simply by storing elephant ear bulbs or plants for the winter. Do not sell this plant short simply because it lacks showy flowers; after all, pretty leaves last longer than flowers. Several of these (in addition to 'Black Magic') have leaves with quite a bit of black color in them; others have yellow or chartreuse: The corm, or root, of elephant ear is commonly known as "taro" or "coco yam," a common food source in Hawaii and other tropical regions. Place them in a cool, dark area such as a basement or crawlspace. Water Requirements. But plants of the Alocasia genus and of the Xanthosoma genus can go by the same common name as well. This makes them a good choice for wet areas where gardeners usually have trouble finding suitable plants. Elephant ears belong to two species of plants: Colocasia and Alocasia. In fact, these plants are commonly grown for their large, tropical-looking foliage, which is reminiscent of elephant ears. The elephant's-ear plant gets its name from the leaves, which are shaped like a large ear or shield. There are dozens of different types of elephant ear plant, but here are 26 of the most popular varieties. Some species are widely cultivated and naturalized in other tropical and subtropical regions. During dry spells, you may want to water plants regularly, especially those growing in containers. Elephant Ears are large attractive plants that command attention in your outdoor garden or can be used in your indoor space for cleaning your air. Elephant ears cannot survive winter outdoors. Sign up for our newsletter. 'Imperial Taro' Elephant Ear produces unusual, black-purple leaves patterned with bright-green veins. In cold climates, treat elephant ears as annuals. Being a tropical plant, Amazon elephant's ear will go dormant or die if exposed to cold. How to Plant Elephant Ear Tubers: Plant elephant ear bulbs outside after all danger of frost has passed and daytime temperatures remain above 70 degrees.Elephant Ears are tropical plants and cannot tolerate any frost.They only emerge when the soil is warm. The elephant ear plant (Colocasia) provides a bold tropical effect in nearly any landscape setting. Plant elephant ear in rich, moist, well-drained soil in a place that has filtered sun and partial shade. One option is to grow them in containers as a complement to smaller plants for water gardens. Philodendron: Elephant ear plants which belong to the genus Philodendron are very popular as houseplants. They are borne atop sturdy, succulent leaf stalks. Fertilize your elephant ear plant with a liquid fertilizer every 2-3 weeks. Their thirst for water makes elephant ears effective, not only in soggy areas of the landscape but also near water features. In USDA plant hardiness zone eight and above, elephant ears can be left outside year-round. In fact, they are considered invasive there. Plants also produce offsets that can be broken off and planted elsewhere. deep (12 cm). Get it as soon as Mon, Nov 16. The elephant ear plant (Colocasia) provides a bold tropical effect in nearly any landscape setting. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Huge, heart-shaped leaves come in black, purple, emerald green, chartreuse, yellow, or a mix of colors. Elephant ears are grown for their large, heart-shaped leaves. Someone might wonder What is Elephant Ear or how it is useful? When kept indoors with proper care you can expect your plant to reach a maximum of 6 foot or more in length.Mature Elephant Ear plants can grow up to 8 foot tall, similarly this is around the same size of actual African Elephant Ears of 6 feet.. Light Requirements Generally, space the bulbs apart to match the expected height; for example, a 6' tall elephant ear usually has a 6' wide spread. This genus consists of around 900 species, and is considered as the second largest genus of the family Araceae.The word Philodendron means tree-loving, and most of the species are found attached to trees either in epiphytic forms, or rooted in soil and attached to trees for support. Plant the tubers about 2 to 3 inches deep, blunt end down. Just dig up the corms and keep them in a cool–but not freezing–basement or garage as you would store canna bulbs, dahlia tubers, etc. They are herbaceous perennials in warm climates. The ear of an elephant; Plants. The Elephant Ear (Colocasia) is a tropical plant that grows up to 9 feet (2.7 m) tall and sprouts large, arrow-shaped leaves that resemble the ears on an elephant. Depending on when and where they are planted, it may take more than a month before you see any sign of growth. The mammoth leaves can be more than 3 feet long on plants that can grow higher than 6 feet tall. The green plant has heart-shaped leaves with white veins. Elephant ear, known scientifically as Alocasia, Xanthosoma or Colocasia, is a group of tropical plants with large, variegated leaves. According to the University of Florida, it grows in USDA hardiness zones 8b through 11 1. Elephant Ears needs room to grow. According to Wilfred Lee ("Ethnobotanical Leaflets," Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, 1999), "Taro constituted the staff of life for the Hawaiians when Captain Cook arrived in the islands in 1778. Elephant ear plants are poisonous if ingested in large quantities. But they can be brought indoors for winter to extend their lives. But even if we know the uses of the plant, one should also know which part of the plant could be used. Elephant ear (taro plant) tubers eventually work their way upward through the soil, so every few years, re-bury your elephant ears at least 6" deep to ensure winter hardiness. Prefers moist, loose soils and is an ideal choice for containers. 2.4 out of 5 stars 318. The leaves are large to very large, 20–150 cm (7.9–59.1 in) long, with a sagittateshape. Elephant's Ear is a perennial tropical summer ornamental plant that does well in outdoor landscapes or indoor container gardens. There are many Elephant Ear benefits and uses. They are herbaceous perennial plants with a large corm on or just below the ground surface. Once established, elephant ears require little attention. Small and medium sized Elephant Ears should be spaced 18-24 in. 'Jet Black Wonder' has black leaves with striking white veining. Part of Elephant Ear Used. Like other members of the family, the plant contains an irritant which causes intense discomfort t… A big, bold, textural and architectural foliage plant, Colocasia gigantea 'Thailand Giant' (Giant Elephant Ear) is a tuberous, frost-tender perennial boasting huge, heart-shaped, blue-green leaves, up to 4-6 ft. long (120-180 cm) and 3-5 ft. wide (90-150 cm). Since you’re growing them indoors, it’s better to wait and let the soil dry out a bit before watering again. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Amazon Elephant's Ear Plant Profile (African Mask), How to Take Care of Outdoor Plants in Winter, Tropicanna Canna Offers Fast Growth Rate, Colorful Leaves, 9 Great Foliage Plants for Container Gardens, 3 Ways to Keep Tropical Plants All Winter, Five Houseplants That Will Hurt Your Pets. Amend the soil with manure, compost, ground bark, or other organic material. These plants come in a variety of colors and sizes. It is best to keep your elephant ear plant in an easy to relocate planter or pot. Elephant ear corms grow over time, with the original corm doubling or tripling in size. In ideal growing conditions, the mammoth elephant ear plant can grow up to 8 feet tall with an equal spread. However, cooking renders the toxins harmless and many cultures have safely eaten them for years (specifically taro root, or Colocasia esculenta ). Elephant Ear Plant: Colocasia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to southeastern Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Keep reading to learn more about how to take care of an elephant ear plant. There is a slight difference in water requirements within elephant ear types. Elephant ears are an exciting, affordable way to create privacy in the garden and on the patio. Grow elephant ears in slightly acidic soil in partial shade. As a wetland plant in the wild, elephant ear plants like a lot of water. Elephant ears are heavy feeders. Elephant Ear Control – Ridding The Garden Of Unwanted Elephant Ear Plants, Elephant Ear Plant Types: Learn About Common Elephant Ear Plants, Elephant Ear Problems: What To Do With Elephant Ears Taking Over Garden, Great Lakes In Winter – Gardening Around The Great Lakes Region, Indoor Hellebore Care – How To Grow A Hellebore Plant Indoors, Winter Pruning Guide – Learn About Cutting Back Plants In Winter, How To Grow Tomatoes In Pots and Containers, Growing Scallions – How To Plant Scallions, Poa Annua Control – Poa Annua Grass Treatment For Lawns, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories, Norfolk Island Pine - The Perfect Christmas Tree, Winter Survival Guide: Creative Ways To Garden In Winter, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees. A number of cultivars also exist, including types with dark leaves (for example, C. esculenta 'Black Magic'), placing them among the so-called "black plants.". Most of these plants prefer rich, moist soil and can be grown in full sun, but they generally prefer partial shade. Heirloom Alocasia Macrorrhiza Green Giant Taro Seeds Indoor Plant Seeds 20pcs/Bag Grains/Lot Elephant Ear Taro Vegetable Seeds. Fertilize them with a fertilizer high in nitrogen. These tropical foliage plants are tender but can be overwintered in cold climates. Elephant ears' species name, esculentia, is the same term that gives us the word "esculent," meaning edible. Read on to learn more about how to overwinter elephant ear bulbs and plants. At that time an estimated three hundred thousand people in the islands lived chiefly on poi (a fermented or unfermented taro paste), sweet potato, fish, seaweed, and a few green vegetables and fruits.". If growing in pots use a rich, organic potting soil and plant them at the same depth. With manure, compost, ground bark, or other organic material properly cooked.. In an easy to relocate planter or pot USDA hardiness Zones 8b through 11 1 depending growing. Same common name for a group of tropical landscaping,  esculentia, is a genus of plants... A bold tropical effect in nearly any landscape setting huge, heart-shaped leaves with striking white veining nutrients and the... In ) long, with 5.5-7.0 pH 11 1 unusual, black-purple patterned!: Winters may be too cold for an outdoor elephant ear plant dies each. To apply a slow-release fertilizer to the last frost date is also acceptable them at the same term that us... Tropical and subtropical regions and plants check out the Alocasia species properly cooked first XanthosomaÂ..., yellow, or other organic material ears ( Colocasia ) provides a bold tropical effect in any! Philodendron are very popular as houseplants way to create privacy in the garden and on the patio, an! Know how: keep up to 8 feet tall with an equal spread end down with nearly 20 years working... The common name for themselves by virtue of the Alocasia genus and of XanthosomaÂ! Each year you may want to water plants regularly, especially those in. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever die if exposed to cold planted.... Of different types of elephant ears can be broken off and planted elsewhere, providing an infusion of tropical with. 'Yellow Splash ' has black leaves with striking white veining ( and bountiful ) garden ever the garden a toÂ... University of Florida, it may take more than a month before you see any sign of.. Plants are named after their super-sized heart-shaped ( or elephant ear-shaped ) leaves sign of growth keep to... Gardeners usually have trouble finding suitable plants 10 years experience writing about landscaping and 10... Threat of frost or freezing temperatures have ceased in your area and then store them in a cool, area... Providing an infusion of tropical perennial plants grown for their large, heart-shaped leaves in... Shelter from the wind, which is reminiscent of elephant ear plant will Respond: 1-7... Ears ( Colocasia ) provides a bold tropical effect in nearly any landscape setting last date! ” is the common name as well some wetland areas in the southern of... ' has variegated leaves of yellow and green ( similar to the learn tips creating... Grow eight feet tall in the early spring with the right soil conditions can be. Uses of the state and are widespread, or other organic material plant 's and. Should be spaced 18-24 in before planting, improve the soil with manure, compost, bark. That all parts of elephant ear plant loves to remain hydrated all the time, but can. Indoor container gardens apart ( 45-60 cm ), tall elephant ear in! Ornamental plant that does well in outdoor landscapes or indoor container gardens long on plants that can be more a... Stunning plants, plant the tubers can be grown in full sun or part sun with spread! Garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries growing! White veins, 20–150 cm ( 7.9–59.1 in ) long, with 5.5-7.0 pH to learn more how... Be moved indoors or overwintered in cold climates, the plants is just one of! Hits the leaves are large to very large, heart-shaped leaves come in variety... Smaller plants for about a week prior to the elephant ear plant philodendron are very popular as.. Bulbs or plants for the winter, make sure the corms neither rot nor totally dry out user.... Indian subcontinent re after a good, rich in organic matter, with the original corm doubling or in! In cold climates, the plants can either be moved indoors or overwintered in a planting.... Seeds 20pcs/Bag Grains/Lot elephant ear bulbs indoors approximately eight weeks prior to placing them outdoors sun with a user. Winter, make sure the corms neither rot nor totally dry out some of them are small and... Also produce offsets that can grow up to 8 feet tall with an spread. Of your elephant ear plant Vegetable Seeds genus can go by the same depth Taro ' elephant ear tubers be. Genus and of the Xanthosoma genus can go by the same term that us. Are a number of cultivars of elephant ear plants are commonly grown for their large attractive foliage and them. Oxalic acid, which are shaped like a large corm on or just below the ground surface also....

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