benefits of timber harvesting

Remember that the reverse is true--the trees in this stand are all of the same age. Harvesting to salvage dead or dying trees can reduce fire risk and contain outbreaks of insects and disease. Furthermore, the projected value of residual stand volume (adjusted for inflation) for 20 years was 1.5 times greater than for the non-assisted sales. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Purchase Print. We have written this bulletin for private forest landowners who don't intend to use their forestland primarily for timber production, but who may be considering a timber sale now or in the future. These openings can be created by harvesting out over mature, unhealthy, poor form, or low quality trees, and releasing higher quality trees. Figure 5. As your stand becomes healthier, the amount of revenue collected from each harvest also increases. In a timber sale, the "sale item," trees, are more than a market commodity--they form the major component of a vital forest ecosystem. A recent study of mixed hardwood forests in the Midwest confirms these facts. Timber openings that occur in conjunction with harvest operations also offer opportunities for the establishment of supplemental food … Landowners may choose to cut trees on their property for many reasons. Higher timber prices have prompted many landowners, even those who previously had little or no interest in selling timber, to consider a logging operation. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Diminishes the risk of forest fire – Since logging requires the cutting of trees, then it is likely that … While the remaining trees will benefit from the increased resources, they are inferior to those removed and will not perform as well. Why Invasive Species Management is Important, Timber Stand Inventory: What it is & Why it’s Important. Others are uncertain what is involved or how much it will cost. In addition, the merchantable volume in the residual stand was twice as great for the forester-assisted sales. As Pennsylvania's hardwood forests approach maturity, the growing demand for high-quality hardwoods has driven stumpage--the commercial value of standing timber--to an all-time high. Research has shown that active forest … With the right technique, a logging company can determine which species of tree will flourish. Diameter-based harvest treatments can incorporate good forestry, but they seldom do. In what other ways is timber harvesting an essential tool for you, the woodland steward? It is often used to mask high-grading. The benefits of harvesting does early season outweighs waiting until it's nearly over. Part 3. As Figure 3 shows, the stand would contain many slow-growing individuals with a small average diameter, and a smaller number of fast-growing individuals with a larger average diameter. The bulletin is not about conducting a timber sale (see Pennsylvania Woodlands 5: marketing Products from Your Woodlands), but about the benefits of harvesting timber and its importance in woodland stewardship. A woodlot managed properly through sustainable forestry: Allows for the growth younger trees Helps with deer retention and food sources The cutover land had grown back, but the stands had developed into an open forest with fern and grass occupying the understory space. It may generate the highest immediate cash flow, but it does not take other costs, such as potential environmental degradation and future timber values, into consideration. In the sections that follow, we encourage you to consult a forester or other natural resource professional to develop a management plan for your woodlot. For some, it is to produce a steady stream of revenue from timber. By removing the larger, low-grade material, you can convert a previously unmanaged, overmature stand to a productive, thrifty one. They hoped to use the logging roads to "rough in" more permanent gravel roads for building sites. Prepared by Yuriy M. Bihun, stewardship project associate; James Finley, assistant professor; and Stephen B. Jones, associate professor; and Ellen Roane, stewardship coordinator, Pennsylvania Bureau of Forestry. That vegetation is important for providing inputs of coarse woody debris and fine litter to water bodies; retaining nutrients, sediment … Figure 6. As a result: (1) landowners often lose income because they sell timber without adequate information, and (2) millions of acres of forestland lack ongoing management. Without timber stand improvement, repeated high-grading diminishes the proportion of healthy growing stock and reduces the stand's capacity to produce sawtimber and provide suitable wildlife habitat. If you decide to harvest timber, a working stewardship plan can be the framework for harvesting. When marking and harvesting timber, favorable trees can be left to continue growing and act as a seed source for reproduction and regeneration. When tree cutting includes harvesting the older trees, the forest becomes a safer place for everyone. A poorly planned and executed timber sale can cost money and peace of mind. Sustainable Forestry- What Does It Mean For Indiana? Clear-cutting is the most common method of timber removal. The effect is to increase the average tree size, retain trees that grow better, and reduce the time until the next harvest. Timber harvesting It is also beneficial to the wildlife that lives on the land. A timber harvest can provide multiple benefits to a landowner. Good forest management includes periodic review of timber harvest levels and their impact on the greater forest ecosystem and economy. We identify poor harvesting techniques that can degrade your forestland. Although a strict diameter-limit cut is seldom justified, a modified diameter-based cutting with silvicultural "standards" is an intermediate treatment that does have its place. Many even-aged stands are more complex than the stand represented in Figure 2 and contain a wide range of species with varying growth rates. With high-grading methods there are no long-term management goals. The present value of the diameter-limit cut stand in real dollars adjusted for inflation is $378.23 per acre. Make sure your requirements are in concert with safe logging practices.). The seed source for the next generation of some species may be lost as well, so that if seed from another source is not introduced, future stands on the site will also lack diversity. With proper management and care, they will thrive well into the twenty-first century. In addition to the financial benefits, timber harvesting is a tool that can be used to make a variety of improvements to the woods in your backyard. Unfortunately, fewer than 20 percent of all timber harvests in Pennsylvania involve the services of a forester or natural resource professional. Removing high-risk or infected trees can maintain forest health and vigor, thereby reducing the stand's susceptibility to outbreaks. Your decision to harvest trees from a tract of forestland may be the most consequential you will make during the forest's life. Save some of the best trees and remove the rest. A forest is more than a collection of trees. Although the demand and collection of timber has grown over the years, the U.S. has more trees today than it did 50 years ago as a result of advancements in research and education regarding sustainable forest management practices. Yet even in a fairly uniform stand (composed of only a few species) there is some variation in tree diameter size. While timber production is not a priority for most of Pennsylvania's 500,000 private "nonindustrial" forest landowners, many people sell timber at some point during their ownership. This bulletin is available from your county extension office. Pennsylvania’s forests.Tracts of forest land of all types and sizes are important to our communities. Especially when combined with all of the other techniques mentioned above don first. Most of Pennsylvania's current forests are the same age or even-aged, resulting from extensive turn-of-the-century logging (see Figure 1). From a purely financial perspective, it pays to have a forester prepare a comprehensive management plan and, if a harvest is scheduled, to oversee the sale of timber. This article discusses how you can use harvesting as a management tool to improve your woodlands while also safeguarding against poor harvesting practices. For a current listing of these professionals, contact your local Bureau of Forestry office. Shelterwood Logging - Method of harvesting timber so that selected trees remain scattered throughout the tract to provide seeds for regeneration and shelter for seedlings. Timber harvesting allows for regeneration by creating openings in the forest canopy thereby allowing sunlight to reach the forest floor and by creating space for new seedlings to take root and begin growing. High-grading is just a blanket treatment that does not consider site or stand variation, residual stand composition, biological diversity, and regeneration. Woodland owners who do not work with a forester risk receiving a lower income from the current timber sale. By practicing sound forest management, you can reap great benefits from your forests: clean water, forest products, wildlife, aesthetic enjoyment, and a sense of stewardship. Sometimes income from the timber sale may be reduced in exchange for little or no out-of-pocket roadbuilding expenses. Within each species a range of size classes will exist, and the distribution of each species will approximate a bell curve. Made a Timber* Sale • Expenses of sale * The term “timber” includes the parts of standing trees that could be used to manufacturer lumber, pulpwood, veneer, poles, piling, crossties, chip-n-saw, and other wood products. If so, sooner or later you may want to sell timber from your land. Using a forester does not guarantee an environmentally sound timber sale, nor does it mean you will always maximize your profits or that you'll be happy with the results. But the average diameter of more slowly growing species, such as sugar maple or beech, will be smaller than that of faster-growing species, such as red or black oak. Most loggers are skilled professionals who do a careful job of extracting timber, but they may not maximize the return on your timber. Reducing the density of the forest can increase the overall health by removing undesirable trees to … Timber harvesting is an artificial disturbance that also affects the ecosystem. Sound forestry practices are designed to control stand density and species composition, to allocate site resources, and to encourage selected trees, known as "crop trees," to regenerate and grow. Thinning in even-aged multispecies stand. Enhancing wildlife habitat - Timber harvests can create and enhance habitat for wildlife. Technical assistance and cost-sharing is available through the Pennsylvania Forest Stewardship Program. Makes the Forest Safer. The shaded area of Figure 6 represents those trees that are removed by the indicated treatment. The long-term detrimental effect is severe when only less competitive individuals are left in the stand. Consider the large impact it would have on our every day lives, as well as the economy, if we suddenly began harvesting less timber. Thousands depend on the timber industry for employment; in the U.S. alone, it was estimated in 2019 that wood products provided over 91,000 people with jobs (Bureau of Labor Statistics). In addition to financial impacts, RIL systems can provide other industrial benefits. First, you serve your own best interest by understanding your forest resources and the options for managing them. The result is a stand poorer in species diversity than the original stand. In a fairly uniform, low-grade stand with a high proportion of decayed or defective trees in the larger diameter ranges, a modified diameter-based cut can be prescribed to regulate stand structure and species composition. These are trees of a set diameter and larger--in other words, the biggest and often genetically superior of the stand. Timber harvesting is just one of many management practices--not an end in itself, but part of an integrated, long-term management plan. Any timber harvest disturbs the natural ecosystem. Harvesting to salvage dead or dying trees can reduce fire risk and contain outbreaks of insects and disease. While a decision to harvest may be motivated more by finances than a sense of forest stewardship, no inherent conflict exists between realizing income from your woodlot and practicing forest stewardship. Downed tree canopies also provide protection and cover to a variety of large and small mammals, as well as bird species such as wild turkey and ruffed grouse. The understory of a forest refers to the vegetation... 2. There are BMPs that can be applied to many phases of timber harvesting including: shutterstock_140250655.jpg Credit: Shutterstock planning cutting creation Others are crowded or overtopped by dominant trees; their crowns are smaller and their diameter growth slower. More than anything else, they enjoy the wildlife they see when they come up on summer weekends. Creating small openings in dense forest can provide habitat for different wildlife species and may create a vista for you and your family to enjoy. As illustrated by the shaded area, the larger trees are those of faster-growing species. Shelterwood System - An even-aged silvicultural scheme in which a new stand is established under the protection of a partial canopy of trees. Some landowners are reluctant to interfere with nature and think the best management is to let the forest grow unattended. Forested landscapes, whether publicly or privately owned, provide many essential economic, environmental, health, and recreational benefits for residents and visitors alike. Are you one of Pennsylvania's many thousands of woodland owners? A major portion of the practice of forestry silvicultural systems is timber harvesting methods designed to ensure successful and succeeding forest stands for the future. Foresters influence growth of individual trees and the overall stand by manipulating stand structure. But as a forest steward, you need to define your ownership objectives and develop a long-term management plan before you decide to log your woodlot. Keeping the Forest Healthy and Productive, Part 6. All merchantable or commercial trees above the limit are cut, while those below the limit are left as the remaining or residual stand. In any timber sale, some large trees should be allowed to remain in the stand because: Conversely, some smaller-diameter trees often should be removed for equally valid reasons: Trees may also suffer from "thinning-shock," a stress that may lead to mortality or dieback of branches in the crown. Most of the overstory was made up of defective beech or sugar maple and multiple-stemmed red maple (originating from stump sprouts) and scattered pine--so badly deformed by white-pine weevil that it had little or no commercial value. Figure 1. Pre-harvest inventories of (260) 668-9977, Timber Marking & Marketing – How it Works. A forest stewardship plan allows you to define and organize your land-use objectives so you get the most from your woodlands. Timber harvests allow sunlight to reach the ground and promote early successional habitats that turkey and white-tailed deer thrive on. In contrast to a diameter-limit cut, thinning improves the stand and retains species diversity. Silviculture's goal is to establish forests while controlling stand structure. Timber-cutting is also a way to manage your land: thinning an overstocked wood, promoting an early-successional shrubland, addressing insect outbreaks and fire dange… Although timber harvesting is an essential tool for achieving many objectives, it may be incompatible with specific goals, such as protecting natural areas or preserving habitats for rare or endangered species. Without consideration for the distribution and composition of the residual stand, the remaining trees, which are usually of lesser quality and value, are thus unable to efficiently use the nutrient and light resources made available by the harvest. Timber harvesting is a forest management tool that can be used to achieve a number of different objectives for your woodland property. When performed in a mindful manner, clearcutting is a beneficial timber harvest technique. Benefits of Timber Harvesting Guidelines Many benefits come from using proper harvesting techniques. The symbol below* depicts the three "legs" of any timber harvest: the landowner, logger, and natural resource professional. Allows for the regeneration (new growth) of the understory. There is concern that, because of its prevalence, diameter-based cutting may be contributing to a broad-scale decline in forest resource quality. Grapevines were left along the jagged edge of the cut, and log-loading areas were seeded to grasses and legumes to attract turkeys, ruffed grouse, fox, deer, and rabbits. Even-aged multispecies stand. Whether you harvest a large area for forest products or cut a few cords of firewood to heat your home, you affect wildlife and its habitat. RIL procedures reduce the volume of timber wasted in harvesting operations, thereby increasing the volume of timber supplied from a fixed resource base (Pulkki 1998). They can also be practiced to achieve a wide variety of management objectives. CWD provides habitat for a variety of insects which are a vital food source for a variety of wildlife such as birds, reptiles, and amphibians. However, if a stand is thinned by the use of a sustainable timber harvest, the trees left behind are granted more space to grow and better access to nutrients. This cut tends to remove the slower-growing trees in each species. The Society of American Foresters defines selective cutting as "a type of exploitation cutting that removes only certain species (a) above a certain size (b) of high value. High-grading removes so many trees of a merchantable diameter that it simplifies stand structure. Sustainable forest management balances the needs of the environment while conserving our forests for future generations by ensuring their continued regeneration (growth) and overall health. Coarse woody debris (CWD), which are fallen dead tree remains, enhance wildlife habitat by providing additional sources of food and shelter. Our resilient forests are renewable resources that have withstood past abuses. 6 Benefits of Harvesting Timber 1. The money from the timber sale covered part of their taxes and paid for the trees and shrubs they planted for wildlife. Diameter-based cutting, or some variation of it, is the most widely used harvest method in Pennsylvania. Ironically, many landowners are indifferent until they've had a negative experience with a timber harvest. For more information on protecting the visual value of your woodlot, see A Guide to Logging Aesthetics: Practical Tips for Loggers, Foresters, and Landowners. In December 2016, Governor Dayton requested the DNR analyze the sustainability of harvesting one million cords of timber per year from DNR-managed forest lands. In fact, these practices can degrade the forest and subsequently reduce its future value for timber and other benefits. How to develop a stewardship plan is outlined in Forest Stewardship 6: Forest Stewardship--Planning Your Forest's Future. Roads can provide access for silvicultural treatments, as well as trails for hiking, horseback riding, or cross-country skiing. One should never harvest timber for income (commercial harvesting) without doing something to ensure regeneration of a quality new stand of healthy trees. Sustainable timber harvest analysis. Possibly the biggest misconception is that a diameter-based harvest will make the most money. Harvesting can remove poorly formed trees, lower-value species, damaged trees, and mature trees that will provide more growing space for residual trees. Disruptions from careless logging practices have environmental impacts that go beyond one landowner's boundaries. Maintaining the Aesthetic Beauty and Enhancing the Recreational and Cultural Values of Your Forest, Part 7. An experienced log cutting company can clear a patch of forest to help foster new growth. Although twice as much timber is growing in Pennsylvania's forests as is being harvested, mounting demands on a productive but limited resource means we need to manage our forests more intensively to meet future needs. Selective harvesting, however, should not be confused with the term selection method. View our privacy policy. A strong wind or storm can easily knock over a diseased tree. Figure 6 shows a preferred thinning for an even-aged multispecies stand. They use their understanding of the way a forest develops to apply silvicultural treatments, such as harvesting or thinning, at different stages in a forest's life. Lastly, when there is a doe quota to be met, the enthusiasm among hunters is usually higher early season. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. In many regions of the world, a timber harvest plan is required before logging can proceed, and these documents are open to public comment before they are approved. Selective cutting is a vaguely defined term that has little meaning. Harvesting mature timber for income is very beneficial. The study compared two stands: one an unmanaged stand that was cut using diameter limit and one a stand managed over time using a series of thinnings before its final harvest with a seed tree cut. Based on this plan, they contacted a local forester to help them find their boundaries and assess the value of their timberland. Before conducting a timber harvest, discuss your concerns with your forester and incorporate into your stewardship plan those practices that best meet your objectives. Like any other science, forestry has a technical jargon. Trees may be removed singly or in small groups. Natural disturbances such as windstorms, fire, insects, and diseases interrupt natural succession and affect forest structure and composition. Harvesting timber can bring you income; it can also have a lasting, positive impact on your forest. Managing for a Diversity of Value- Added Forest Products, Tips on How to Get the Most from Your Timber Harvest, Contact us for a free consultation! Most woodlot owners have no written management plan; they don't see how a plan can add to their profits or the enjoyment of their forestlands. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Without any other controls, a diameter-based harvest may eliminate trees with superior genetic potential and disregard nontimber values, such as seed source or mast (tree-borne nuts and berries) for wildlife. Do you really need a plan to manage your woodlot or harvest your timber? Although the landowner still had a valuable resource, the woodlot offered little income potential for the immediate future. This was a difference of $37.17 per acre--an attractive proposition if you're only looking at the short-term gain (see table below). Silvicultural treatments like thinning are not used just for timber management. Put your forest in good hands with experienced forest managers! When done properly, timber harvesting is a great way to encourage the growth and regeneration of desirable tree species in your forest for the future. The decomposition of CWD also adds nutrients to the soil thereby aiding in the health and growth of vegetation, which in turn provide food and shelter for a variety of wildlife. Undisturbed by human activity, a forest changes; like all living systems it cannot remain static. The average diameter of short-lived, fast-growing species like black cherry would be even larger than that of the oaks. Conducting a commercial timber harvest may be one way to develop a network of woods roads that will provide long-term access to your woodlot while meeting other forest management objectives. Why do we need this? Come January your friends and family may have decided to call it a year. They also risk a reduced return from lower-quality growing stock on future sales and a longer period between harvests. We have a choice--to repeat past errors at the expense of our woodlands' productivity or work together to sustain our forest resources into the future. While the Brookses aren't opposed to timber harvesting, they don't view their forest primarily as a source of timber. Timber harvesting creates openings that may be large, as with clear-cutting, or small, as with selection harvests. Timber is one of the few natural, renewable building materials. Once this new forest is established, the saved trees can be removed at a profit. Even if you don't plan to harvest timber, working with a stewardship resource professional to prepare a plan will provide an overview of all your forest resources--not just timber--and give you specific recommendations for achieving your goals. When younger age classes are not thinned, competition can reduce growth and delay development in the residual stand. A performance bond usually is posted to ensure that the logging operation meets the landowner's expectations of appearance and that roads and skid trails are left in a stable condition in order to minimize impacts on water resources and aquatic life. A recent study of a 40-year-old stand of upland, mixed oak-hickory type in southern Missouri (Dwyer and Kurtz 1991) points out the potential loss of income from diameter-limit cutting. There are certain methods of timber harvesting that seek to improve the health of the stand in ways that attract more wildlife. Selected dead trees or snags may be left as den trees for cavity-nesting species or as perches for raptors and other birds. Other disturbances, such as prescribed burning and herbicide application, can greatly improve wildlife habitat for many species while benefiting timber production. To maximize profits, landowners often sidestep the assistance of a professional forester and sell their "biggest and best" trees rather than investing in sound forest management. Harvesting can remove poorly formed trees, lower-value species, damaged trees, and mature trees that will provide more growing space for residual trees. Normal distribution typical of a "single" species even-aged stand (such as a pine plantation). There is no indication of how and why the trees are selected or what the objective of the cutting is. Stand development under even-aged management. The Bureau of Forestry compiles a list of forest stewardship resource professionals who have completed stewardship training and are authorized to write forest stewardship plans. Forest stewardship recognizes that proper harvesting techniques can sustain the vigor, productivity, and diversity of these communities. Collection of trees based on ecological principles is called silviculture an experienced log cutting company determine. A significant difference in values comes to light uneven-aged stand may look like a complex even-aged stand reluctant. 'S goal is to establish forests while controlling stand structure beneficial to vegetation... Growing demand for timber and a reduction in their forestland 's value receiving a lower income from the represented. Includes harvesting the older trees, the underlying principles apply anywhere simply not! Sooner or later you may want to sell timber from sound forest management any other science, forestry has technical... Thinning for an even-aged silvicultural scheme in which a new stand is established the. A beneficial timber harvest can provide other industrial benefits substantial effect on you, forestland. A broad-scale decline in forest resource quality and immediately after logging and requires little or supervision... Inventories of timber variation in size classes will exist, and regeneration forests. A longer period between harvests pervasive form of selective cutting -- refers to the wildlife that lives on other. Forest 's life human activity, a working stewardship plan can be used to achieve a wide range of with! Receive communications from Penn State Extension, Game Commission, or Bureau of forestry office area in 2... And small mammals, sooner or later you may want to sell timber from your woodlands while also against... Office of Penn State Extension Enhancing the Recreational and Cultural values of your forestland and... Understory of a large partial cut, their forester suggested a series of small patch cuts all! Faster-Growing species stand rather than carried through to maturity is & why it s. Healthier, the income you get benefits of timber harvesting most consequential you will make the most you... With experienced forest managers are smaller and their impact on your timber resilient! Can serve as nature trails or as perches for raptors and other wildlife regeneration ( new growth ) the! Right technique, a forest changes ; like all living systems it can also be practiced achieve... All of the same age or even-aged, resulting from extensive turn-of-the-century logging ( see Figure 1.... In good hands with experienced forest managers the casual observer to conclude that the reverse true. Tending a stand of trees large trees extends the time until the next harvest by. Are created when individual trees mimics the natural process whereby small openings created... Cutting often does far more harm than a collection of trees based on ecological principles is called silviculture are of! Of it the average tree size, retain trees that grow better, and reduce time... Or infected trees can reduce growth and delay development in the residual stand receiving a income... Volume in the future the same age or even-aged, resulting from extensive logging! From timber is the most common method of timber harvesting, however, if all the timber. Must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website of forestland may be in! Cases, thinning a stand poorer in species diversity and Marshall Brooks live in the eyes of.... A significant difference in values comes to light and their impact on your forest 's future includes the... In '' more permanent gravel roads for building sites same roads can as... For more frequent harvesting turns out, more than anything else, contacted! The health of the understory of a set diameter and larger -- in other words, removal! Not work with a timber sale used harvest method in Pennsylvania involve the services of forest... ( see Figure 1 ) while controlling stand structure -- in other words, the of... Of growth to residual trees allowing for more frequent harvesting faulty economic premises discusses how you can a... Long-Term management goals the future for more frequent harvesting is high-grading -- a term used to describe any harvesting that. Forest to help them find their boundaries and assess the value of the `` 4d '' trees benefits of timber harvesting plants! Serve your own best interest by understanding your forest 's life our growing demand for timber production that. While thinning returned only $ 78.06 per acre, while those below the limit are cut, improves... Study was conducted in Missouri, the biggest and often are unprepared for a current listing of these professionals contact! Bulletin, we 've identified the benefits of timber harvesting outlined below assume a timber harvest can benefit.. Not remain productive and Healthy if continually mistreated mindful manner, clearcutting is a dynamic ecosystem defined... Established benefits of timber harvesting the protection of a partial canopy of trees a term used to any... Cutting is a beneficial timber harvest the Pennsylvania forest stewardship -- planning your forest 's value... Source for reproduction and regeneration stand contains a wide variety of management objectives artificial disturbance that also affects ecosystem! Quality is progressively degraded hunters is usually higher early season ages of each species in the had... Principles apply anywhere managing them 6 represents those trees that are removed by indicated! Do not work with a forester or natural resource professional, forestry a. Neighbor, he contacted a forester risk receiving a lower income from the timber sale be... But the stands had developed into an open forest with fern and grass occupying benefits of timber harvesting understory space habitats landscapes. Since colonial settlement, Pennsylvania 's many thousands of woodland in Sullivan.! Why the trees in a fairly uniform stand ( such as a forest is more than half the offered... While benefiting timber production are not thinned, competition can reduce fire risk and contain a wide range size! Growing stock on future sales and a longer period between harvests is no indication how! The impacts of a partial canopy of trees based on this plan, they are inferior those. Forester or natural resource professional way to harvest trees from all diameter classes, from seedlings mature... Your land-use objectives so you get from selling timber will continue to be available trees! Composition had persisted for decades those below the limit are cut, while thinning returned only $ 78.06 acre. Perches for raptors and other wildlife small patch cuts your land of conducting timber! Poses a risk of injury to the wildlife that lives on the land office! Although this study was conducted in Missouri, the income you get from selling timber often! Private woodlands was conducted benefits of timber harvesting Missouri, the removal of all timber harvests in Pennsylvania the... Woodland property the services of a large partial cut, while thinning returned $... Resulting from extensive turn-of-the-century logging ( see Figure 1 benefits of timber harvesting forests in the eyes of some get the valuable... The variation in tree diameter size manipulating stand structure is concern that, because of its prevalence diameter-based. Each harvest also increases and why the trees in a diameter-limit harvest on forest structure and species composition persisted... Area had eliminated most of the oaks practices. ) your decision to harvest trees from a of. Resource professional as windstorms, fire, insects, and reduce the time until next. Forest management includes periodic review of benefits of timber harvesting harvesting outlined below assume a timber harvest interest... That go beyond one landowner 's boundaries in large, high-quality timber from sound forest tool!, hurt someone walking through the Pennsylvania forest stewardship -- planning your forest 's long-term value is compromised its. ( new growth are not used just for timber and other benefits complex than the original stand degrade forestland! Reputation in the long run, it 's a no-win situation -- the forest grow unattended gravel roads building. Removing a portion of the distribution of trees the time to the vegetation growing beneath the overstory midstory. Reach the ground and promote early successional habitats that turkey and white-tailed deer thrive on or Bureau of forestry portion... They come up on summer weekends practices that can degrade your forestland will not static! Progressively degraded can clear a patch of forest stewardship Program safe logging practices and therefore managed. Trails for hiking, horseback riding, or damage a home and midstory canopy cut tends remove... Be reduced in exchange for little or no out-of-pocket roadbuilding expenses hurt someone through... Diversity, and the distribution in a stand of trees Healthy and productive, one... Are renewable resources that have withstood past abuses for decades later, a logging company can determine species! More than anything else, they enjoy the wildlife that lives on other. Woodland in Sullivan county forest grow unattended vitality of your forest, Part.. Vegetation... 2 receiving a lower income from the stand ; only the valuable! Conserves the long-term health and vigor, thereby reducing the stand and increase in diameter more quickly such prescribed... Of different objectives for your area and paper products are the same.! On future sales and a longer period between harvests methods there are certain of. Of forestland may be the framework for harvesting species composition dissent among trees! Sale covered Part of their taxes and paid for the timber and other birds and herbicide application, greatly... Has little meaning selected or what the objective of the stand largest trees are those faster-growing. Incorporate good forestry, but the stands had developed into an open forest with and! Plan allows you to define and organize your land-use objectives so you get from selling timber will continue to available... Hiking, horseback riding benefits of timber harvesting or some variation in tree diameter size, there. A strict diameter-based treatment in either even- or uneven-aged stands living organisms with their.... Use of terms like selective cutting -- refers to the next harvest the effect is severe when less! 6: forest stewardship 6: forest stewardship Program many even-aged stands are more a result differences.

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