His army included 1, 50,000 cavalry, 25,000 infantry, 3000 war elephants, and a part of artillery. It continued to be minted, with altered inscription, by the Mughals and then by the British till 1913. Wells were dug for making the provision of drinking water. Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. Different types of mixed currencies were in circulation. His administration has been centralised administration just like sultanate period. Photo Source A perfect example of square tomb of the Pathan style it was constructed under the supervision of Shaikh Ahmad Niyazi. Silver currency issued by him is known as Rupaiya. A relay system was used for the transportation of posts. All internal customs were abolished. This enabled him to familiarize with the strength and weaknesses of the Mughal army. He introduced the currency of rupee. Jalali-Quadruple Akbar launched it. Sher Shah ran towards his … The first “rupee” is widely believed to have been introduced by Sher Shah Suri (1486–1545).The assumption is based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee.During his brief five-year rule (540-1545), Sher Shah Suri issued a standardised silver coin called Rupiya. Ancient India in circa 6th century BC, was one of the earliest issuers of coins in the world, along with the Chinese wen and Lydian staters. Mongols and Tamerlane were the most efficient warriors at that time who were known for their raiding skills during the war. The coins of his era were issued from different parts of India. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. It was called phulos or money. The name of the modern Indian currency is drawn from the same. In civil cases, Hindu laws were applied to Hindu & Islamic law was applied to Muslims. The 4th road built by Sher Shah connected Lahore to Multan. Sher Shah placed considerable emphasis on justice, as he used to say, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites, and it is approved alike by the king of infidels and of the faithful“. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. All the officials were appointed by Sher Shah Suri himself & they were directly accountable to him. Born on 1486 at Sasaram, Bihar, India. He also abolished the old and mixed metal currency. Sher Shah initially referred to education for Muslims. He left home at an early age and took service under Bahar Khan Lohani, Sultan of Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan (meaning Tiger Lord) for his courage and valour. The first duty was levied when the goods were brought into the country and the second was levied when the goods were sold. Sher Shah captured Delhi and established his own dynasty known as the Suri dynasty. Akbar also followed these practices and organized the army on efficient lines with some changes as he introduced mansabdari system. Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender to Humayun at Chunar fort. Going back from his promise with Rajput ruler Purnamal Chauhan and sudden attack by Sher Shah on him. Farid acquired the name Sher Shah from supposedly having once killed a tiger with his bare hands. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. The word ‘rupee’ has been derived from the Sanskrit word rupyakam, meaning a silver coin. During childhood, he did not get along with his father who had several wives. Despite many attempts to introduce the sterling pound in India, the rupaiya grew in popularity and was even exported as a currency to other British colonies. The first "rupee” was first introduced by Sher Shah Suri. The object was to facilitate trade in the country. The sarkars were divided into Parganas. He was the founder of the Suri Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi. Sher Shah based his administration on the principle of a welfare state. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540 after defeating Moghul king Humayun. Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. He maintained a direct link and made them direct loyal to him and not through jagirdars. Several taxes were being collected from merchants, traders & manufacture when Sher Shah came to power. Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. Smith rightly observes: "it is the basis of the existing British currency" (up to 1947). 2017 UPSC CAPF Answer Key 2017 Who is Who 2020 Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. Separate code established for civil & criminal cases. Silver currency issued by him is known as Rupaiya. Sher Shah did not spare oppressors whether they were high nobles, men of his own tribe or near relations. Sher Shah introduced comprehensive land reforms. Sher Shah reformed the postal system as well. Later on, the Mughal Emperors standardised the coin along with other silver and gold coins in order to consolidate the monetary system across India. One road was built to connect Agra with Burhanpur & other road connected Agra with Jodhpur. The purpose of punishment was not to reform the criminal but to set the example for others. 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